The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us

Author: Daniel H. Pink

Personal Score: 6.7/10

Goodreads Score: 3.94/5

Get it here on Amazon.


🚀This Book in 3 Bullets

📜Book Summaries & Key Lessons

Chapter 2 - Why Carrots & Sticks Don't Work

  1. They can extinguish intrinsic motivation - Studies have shown that even people who have enjoyed and completed things for free, will become turned off and take part in an activity less if they are paid or rewarded to do it
  2. They can diminish performance - They sometimes show a boost in performance in the short term, but largely fall short in the long term.
  3. They can crush creativity - By causing you to be more narrow-minded, they're terrible for creativity.
  4. They can crowd out good behavior - This type of incentives can create strategies focused on bad behavior targets, removing good behaviors.
  5. They can encourage cheating, shortcuts, and unethical behavior - Incentives encourage a sole focus on that goal despite consequences.
  6. They can become addictive - Consistent external rewards become the new normal and individuals will soon feel entitled to them, then greater ones must be imposed to meet the same productivity.
  7. They can foster short-term thinking - External incentives and yearly bonuses can create a focus around short term financial goals to achieve them and this might contradict longer term financial goals.

Chapter 2A - . . . and the Special Circumstances When They Do

For routine tasks:

For creative tasks:

Chapter 3 - Type I and Type X

Chapter 4 - Autonomous

Chapter 5 - Mastery

3 Laws for Mastery

Chapter 6 - Purpose

Final Notes; Toolkits, Exercises, & Resources

Achieving Type I for Individuals & Organizations

9 Tips for Parents:

  1. Apply the three-part Type I Test to homework - Ask these questions 1) Am I offering students any autonomy over how and when to complete this homework? 2) Does this assignment promote mastery by offering something novel and engaging activity and 3) Do students understand the purpose of this assignment in the greater context? The idea here is to reframe homework into homelearning.
  2. Have a Fed-Ex Day - Where kids come up with projects themselves and get to creatively explore their own interests.
  3. Try a DIY report card - Ask students to list their leaning goals and then ask them to grade themselves on those goals.
  4. Give kids allowances and chores BUT DON'T COMBINE THEM - Combinign will turn chores into work but you want your children to see them as a part of being a family.
  5. Offer praise correctly - Don't praise outcomes, intelligence and ability. Praise work effort, strategy, and ethic. Be specific in your praise and keep it private.
  6. Help kids see the big picture - Why is this subject important in the greater context? How is it relevant?
  7. Check out these five schools using the 3.0 motivation strategies - Big Picture Learning, Sudbury Valley School, The Tinkering School, (Gever Tulley’s talk), Puget Sound Community School, Motessori Schools.
  8. Take a class from Unschoolers - These are families that don't use a regular curriculum. They simply let their kids go as deep and thorough into topics that interest them as they wish. You don't have to Unschool your kids, but use the philosophy to encourage mastery! Resource here.
  9. Turn students into teachers - Have students take turns teaching what they learn, to other classmates.

The Motivation 3.0 Sixteen Book Reading List:

  1. Finite and Infinite Games: A Vision of Life as Play and Possibility by James Carse
  2. Talent Is Overrated: What Really Separates World-Class Performers from Everybody Else by Geoff Colvin
  3. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
  4. Why We Do What We Do: Understanding Self-Motivation by Edward Deci with Richard Flaste
  5. Mindset: The New Psychology of Success by Carol Dweck
  6. Then We Came to the End by Joshua Ferris
  7. Good Work: When Excellence and Ethics Meet by Howard Gardner, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, and William Damon
  8. Outliers: The Story of Success by Malcolm Gladwell
  9. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln by Doris Kearns Goodwin
  10. The Amateurs: The Story of Four Young Men and Their Quest for an Olympic Gold Medal by David Halberstam
  11. Punished by Rewards: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A’s, Praise, and Other Bribes by Alfie Kohn
  12. Once a Runner by John Parker, Jr
  13. The War of Art: Break Through the Blocks and Win Your Inner Creative Battles by Steven Pressfield
  14. Maverick: The Success Story Behind the World’s Most Unusual Workplace by Ricardo Semler
  15. The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization by Peter Senge

Six Motivation 3.0 Gurus:

  1. Douglas McGregor
  2. Peter Drucker
  3. Jim Collins
  4. Cali Ressler & Jody Thompson
  5. Gary Hamel

🎴Top Quotes

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